public space, housing, commercial, clean industry, land farming, revitalization
Europan 15 competition
Mateusz Adamczyk, Agata Woźniczka (authors), Łukasz Chamer (contributor)
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New Warsaw development should be like city’s two sides of Vistula rivershore: urban and natural at once; balancing city tissue with public domain and new urban biotope. Europan 15 Warsaw site is an industrial area of a local steel plant, already reworking its operational management to become more sustainable and less polluted. Nevertheless, the noise, heavy traffic and industrial dust effectively block the site’s development into a contemporary, sustainable district of mixed functions.
A. LOOKING AT WARSAW TO UNDERSTAND OUR SITE: GREEN CORRIDORS IN CITY STRUCTURE, B. SIMPLIFIED IMAGE OF THE CITY: A. urban wedges B. greenery as a bender, C. LOOKING AT ONE OF THE URBAN WEDGES TO UNDERSTAND ITS LOGICS, D. SYNERGIC LAYOUT OF AN URBAN WEDGE: A. city tissue B. greenery as a bender, C. local centres on a border
‘Ground rules’ project is a methodology of site’s continuous overturn into a healthy life/work environment. Starting from the bottom, it revitalizes polluted soil into a fertile base for the city growth. Terra preta – most fertile soil – can be produced in Warsaw’s urban conditions, from a polluted base, using native plants as well as industrial facilities already working on the project site. A process of ground revitalization and creation of anti-pollutant barriers is at the same time a process of establishing a diversified biotope park, transforming the site gradually into a new landscape park and then an ecology-enhancing neighbourhood. Land-farming can be seen as a short-term strategy of reviving the site’s bio-balance before developing it into an urban estate or a long-term project that can work as a commercial cleanse field for all the Warsaw polluted land reserves.
INNOVATIVE & PRODUCTIVE LANDSCAPE – A LANDFARM: A. contaminated industrial and urban soil, B. transport to our site, C. producing terra preta (most fertile land possible) by establishing an eco-healing landfarm, D. transport to a destination (on project site or further), E. new fertile urban nature that is able to produce crops and rebuild biotope
EQUILIBRIUM OF URBAN TISSUE AND PUBLIC NATURE:
1. URBAN TISSUE: A. solar punk business park with education facilities, B. commercial development, C. social and student housing with educational campus, D. housing cooperatives and cooperative offices, E. rental housing, F. private single-family housing
2. PUBLIC GREEN DOMAIN: A. urban sports boulevard, B. education in greenery, C. rain park and water village, D. eco-farming village, E. eco-landscape boulevard, F. wind-enhancing eco-corridor, G. acoustic park
A. INEFFICIENT BELT SCENARIO, B. EFFICIENT STRATEGY: STAGE 1 OF REVITALIZATION: 1. land-farming by establishing urban gardens, 2. cleaning the industrial site (a scrapyard), 3. shutting down the industry railway lane, C. STAGE 2: 1. land-farming by establishing urban gardens, 2. using a cleansed area to establish neighbourhood (also temporary functions), 3. slowing down the industry railway lane, 4. moving all the industry to one site, 5. removing air-separation plant and making a land-farm, D. STAGE 3: 1. land-farming by establishing urban gardens, 2. using a cleansed area to establish neighbourhood (also temporary functions), 3. creating an underground industrial rail lane, 4. enclosing an industrial site with an eco-wall that blocks the pollution and produces energy, 5. forming land as acoustic park, 6. establishing eco-corridors, 7. preparing a metro line, 8. building clean-tech facilities
E. STAGE 4 – THREE CENTRES, F. STAGE 4 – FOUR CENTRES: 1. land-farming by establishing urban gardens, 2. using a cleansed area to establish neighbourhood (also temporary functions), 3. establishing clean-tech and eco-production facilities, 4. extending the eco-corridor on cleansed sites, 5. transforming industrial site into clean-tech hub, G. FINAL STAGE OF REVITALIZATION: A HEALTHY DISTRICT: 1. establishing a clean-tech facilities and eco-production neighbourhood, 2. extending the eco-corridor, 3. using a cleansed area to establish neighbourhood, H. MULTI-CENTRAL SYNERGIC NEIGHBOURHOOD
A. FUNCTIONAL LAYOUT: neighbourhoods each balancing life, leisure and work with new productivity: A. eco work-life neighbourhood focused on producing crops (land, food and flowers for sale), B. solar punk business park enhancing new clean technologies to build a synergic city, C. work-life neighbourhood promoting makers’ movement and collective productivity with a pro-creative housing layout and showcase pavilions, D. work-life neighbourhood promoting circular economy with its recycle centre and small businesses focused on reusing and recycling goods,
B. PUBLIC DOMAIN: local centres of each neighbourhood all have distinct characters: A. land-farming crops market, B. solar punk park – an optimistic space enhancing new eco-technologies, C. super-agora, D. a commercial & service centre for recycled and circulating goods,
C. GREENERY TYPOLOGIES: 1. eco-corridor, 2. acoustic park, 3. public, educational greenery,
D. COMMUNICATION: 1. main access roads, 2. possible pedestrian route, 3. metro line with stations (3’), 4. green connector
‘Ground rules’ performs efficient and economically justified production process of a new urban district, where its first layer (land-farming) implies using ecological and clean methods in all the further steps of community making. That is why a new district enhances ambitions of being both natural and urbanized; dynamic and harmonious, balancing economic efficiency with new circular economy commandments.